TDS on Payments to Contractors – TDS Rates

There is a duty of payer to deduct TDS u/s 194 C on making of payment/credited to contractor. Contractor includes a sub-contractor. In this article we will discuss about the TDS deduction and related procedure on payment to contractors & sub contractors.

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TDS Rates on Contract Payment/Payment to Contractors u/s 194C

The following rates are for payment made to contractors for Rs. 30000 each payment or Rs. 75,000 p.a.

1% – TDS Rates for Individuals 

2% – TDS Rates for Other Persons

Note: TDS shall be deducted @ 20% in case a deductee fails to furnish his Pan to the deductor (Sec. 206AA)

Contractor and Sub-contractor

Giving service to someone for the price is called contract. Service provider will be called contractor. The contractor’s duty is to complete the task for which an agreement has executed. When contractor further enters into a contract with another person to do the jobs completely or partly that is called sub-contractor.

It may be any work, deduction u/s 194C will be applicable when the contracts are made for any work. The following are the positions when the liability will arise.

Any works examples like broadcasting, advertisement, carriage of goods, catering, any services, You can find more examples by visiting this link;

When payer will deduct TDS/Time to deduct TDS?

Payment should be more than Rs. 30,000 for one contract/each contract or Rs.75000 in total for all the contracts. The deduction will be made when the payment credited or paid.

When the amount exceeds Rs. 30,000 then the deduction will be made on earlier amount also. The section 194 C is applicable for resident contractor only. For non-resident the section 195 will be applicable.

On which amount TDS has to be deducted?

TDS will be deducted on the amount credited or paid for the services used. However, in the case of manufacturing or product in which the services have involved then the amount to deduct TDS is only for service used, if it is mentioned in the invoice. However, if there is not a separate amount for service, then the TDS will be deducted generally on the total amount of invoice.

Who will deduct TDS?

On the above payment TDS will be deducted but by whom? The following persons will deduct TDS.

  • A state or central Government, local authority or corporation under the state or central Government
  • Company
  • Society/Co-operative society
  • Trust/Authority for development of areas
  • Foreign enterprises
  • University
  • Firm
  • Individuals or HUF or AOP or BOI

Individual/HUF/AOP/BOI who has gross receipt/Sale/Turnover

  • For business: more than Rs. 1 crore (w.e.f.1/4/2012, A.Y.2013-14 onwards) Rs. 60 Lakh for A.Y. 2012-13.
  • For profession: Rs. 25 Lakh (w.e.f.1/4/2012, A.Y.2013-14 onwards), Rs. 15 Lakh for A.Y. 2012-13

Examples of work contracts

Bank charges, oral contracts, piece rate contracts, advertisement contract, broadcasting contracts, travel agents, airlines, clearing & forwarding contracts, courier agencies, catering contracts, Professional & technical services and other contracts.

No TDS deduction on Payment to Transporters if PAN furnished

If the operators furnish his PAN to the deductor then deductor should not deduct TDS. But deductor will give the valid ‘PAN’ detail in the ‘Quarterly returns of TDS’ of the deductees within the time limit to get the exemption. It will be done only in the case of transporters, who engaged in the business of plying, hiring or leasing goods carriages.

TDS will be deducted on Total amount of Bill including service Tax

If services of contractor are liable for service tax, the invoice’s total amount includes the service tax, then the deductor will deduct TDS on total amount of invoice including service tax also.

The other provisions like online deposit of TDS, Issue of TDS certificate, Quarterly Returns of TDS and penalty on failure to deposit TDS or statements are common like other nature of payments to deduct TDS.

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  1. TDS rates for individuals for making payments to contractors wrongly mentioned in your topic- rates of TDS @1% whereas in chart @2%

  2. Most firms deduct 1% for contractors with registered firms, however this one firm insists on deducting 2% for works contracts including supply of material, the deductions are made on the total invoice value. As per your recommendation it appears the TDS is deductable only on the service/labour component, its associated service tax and only at 1%. Have I understood this correctly?

  3. Most firms deduct 1% for contractors with registered firms, however this one firm insists on deducting 2% for works contracts including supply of material, the deductions are made on the total invoice value. As per your recommendation it appears the TDS is deductable only on the service/labour component, its associated service tax and only at 1%. Have I understood this correctly?

  4. suppose we gave the printer to print the visiting card of the company, broucher of the company ..etc do we have to deduct tds for the same

  5. Please inform me the latest section code 194IA & 194IB. Whether 194IA section code refers to
    TDS recovered on Rent payable/paid towards land or building & rate of TDS is it 10% & sec.code
    194IB pertains to TDS on rent payable/paid towards machinery or plant. Whether under 194IB
    rate of TDS is 2% & whether any threshold limit is there for 194IB.

  6. HI, how can i pay the interest on TDS for contractors, i mean i need to pay the interst on tds. but it the time time of payment, i am confused to choos the section like that if i am paying the TDS on contract i choose 94C.


  8. whether a textile co has to deduct tds on jobwork expence for 2012-13
    where its total turnover along with its subsidiary exceed 60,00,000 for the 2011-12??

  9. but how to find out service tax component after TDS is being deducted from the total bill amount which was inclusive of service tax? when service tax liability comes i want to know what amount of service tax can be paid as tax from the whole amount which i said above. suggest me
    suppose total bill amount is Rs.100000 inclusive of service tax , TDS is 10% on the which comes to 1000. so, can any body tell me what is the service tax component out of this ?

    • this thing is confusing me also.
      bcoz somewhere i heard that service tax is not to be included while deducting tds but on this site its says it should.
      Eg : amount- Rs 10,000
      service tax – Rs.1450
      so tds wud be deducted as per the rates for the amount which is exclusive of service tax i.e just 10000 and not total amount which is 11450. but plzz confirm this once again with someone else.

  10. i am having a query regarding TDS for contract based teachers…can u help me ..i have no idea about all this things….i was working on contract as teacher in training institute with salary Rs.4000/- pm. I worked for 12 months and by totalling varing amounts i got in this 12 months is approx. Rs.43,000/- . I left the job on 31 Jan 14 . now 2 days back i got call from institute saying they need my pan card number and as my payment is above 30,000 so i have to pay TDS 10% = 3100 rupees. I am not having any idea about this.
    hope i will get an answer from you how this thing is calculated. i have already left my job 2 months back. So still i need to pay this amount??

    Kindly advice

  11. i have to pay railtel internetbandwith charges payment how to dutuct tds whether including service tax or else excluding service tax

  12. when we pay to the Printer for printing job in a f/y in a bill 30,000/= added bills more than 75000/= TDS to be deducted or not, expecting your reply, regards

  13. DTDC Courier rasid a bill Rs 13819 Charges for carrying documents & 30% Rs 4146 for Fuel Surcharge & Service Tax 12.36% on Rs 13819+Rs 4146 = Rs 17965 ST Rs 2220.47 Total Bill Value Rs 20186. then we which amount deducted TDS please sugest

  14. Pls suggest, TDS rate for propriatory firm or individual PAN. Pls suggest which rates are apply for piece rates works or labour work. Or which section or clouse under tds deduct.pls suggest.

  15. sir I am in FCi. FCI engaged State government’s contractor for handling and transport work with composite rates.State government paid to its contractor and now claiming the bill as reimbursement without any supervision charges.
    State government has not deducted any such amount of TDS from the bill of contractor in case of composite rate of contract and now they are raising the bill without TDS chalan.
    so now please suggest me that should i deduct the TDS or wanting TDS chalan from STate Government .
    Please try to understand me and suggest me
    Thanking you

  16. I did a sub contract with Gov. company. it is around 4 lacks job. now the company say.. they will cut 10% TDS from my full amount. is that true? its in maharshtra.

  17. maharaj contruction is treated in range of t d s deduction 2% or indvidual &treated as 1% rate for tds on bill amount
    subodh gupta is take a work in own name “subodh gupta” is treated individual &tax dedution rate is 1% or named others &charge 2%tax deducted on his bill please clear

  18. we raised invoice in single (including supply and service bill ) of Rs.300000 and tds deducted on whole amount like Rs.6000 on supply and Rs.3000 in services.but the deductee will deposited of Rs.3000 in TDS file return and not deposited of Rs.6000.Then what amount we claim at the time of TDS Return File. and please tell me how will i recover of Rs.6000 from the client.

  19. IF we have paid the advance of transporter in may -15 , and the bill will be received in the month of june -15 .So kindly advise we will deduct the tds or not

  20. we can deducted tds on professional bill tds deduct without including service tax amount only deduct basic
    amount on professional bill.
    if, your bill -20000.00
    service tax-2900.00
    tds deduct this bill on 20000,
    tds amount- 2000 only.

  21. we have taken services from vendor, vendor issue us invoice E.g. Rs 100000/ and we are recover some canteen amount Rs. 10000/ net payment due Rs. 90000/- so please advice we need to deduct TDS on which amount. 100000/ or 90000/.